Jack Hayne

Jack Hayne

Featured Image: ‘Jack’ Hayne, eldest son of Walter Hayne who later married Mathew Miller’s eldest daughters Matilda

Acknowledgement: Max Drury, North Richmond

‘Jack’ Hayne was the eldest son of Walter Hayne; the first husband of Mathew Miller’s eldest daughter Matilda Miller. It appears ‘Jack’ was the product of Walter Hayne’s first marriage? Official records are vague but certainly the Hayne family is writ large in the eons of early development of the Upper Hunter Valley; and in particular Scone and Gundy? I am quite intimately familiar with several personalities myself having employed a much valued member of the extended family many years ago.

Matilda Miller 1841 – 1893

Matilda Miller 1841 – 1893

Featured Image: Courtesy of Max Drury, North Richmond. This would be one of the very earliest photographs ever taken in the district; possibly in the 1860s? Photography was then in its infancy; even on a global scale?

Matilda was the eldest of the nine children of Mathew and Anne Miller (nee Pinkerton). She was born in Scone on 10th March 1841 and died at Ellerston on 5th April 1893 aged 52.

Matilda first married Walter Hayne at Scone on 13-9-1859. Walter had been born in England on 31-10-1829 and died at Gundy on 12-11-1872. Matilda then married Charles Hines (b. England 1846) at Pages River on 21-4-1881. Charles died in Maitland on 21-5-1897. Both Walter Hayne and Charles Hines were listed as farmers by occupation.

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Ann Miller nee Pinkerton

Ann Miller nee Pinkerton

Featured Image: Anne Pinkerton 1818 – 1877 Courtesy of Max Drury, North Richmond

Ann and Mathew Miller would have lived at ‘Belmore House’ (now my home ‘Geraldton’) from the time of construction and its occupation in c. 1860/1861. All nine children including those who died in infancy were born before that time.

Ann and Mathew Miller arrived as free settlers in Sydney aboard the ‘Clyde’ on 21 April 1840. Ann’s parents James and Martha Pinkerton from ‘Ardstraw’ County Tyrone never came to Australia. Both Mathew and Ann Miller and all their children who died in infancy are buried at Saint Luke’s Churchyard in the MILLER vault. Their daughter Sarah who never married and who lived to be 89 years of age was the last person to be buried in the Churchyard vault in 1937. Three of Ann’s brothers came to Australia including two single younger siblings William and David. An older married brother James followed and also brought his extensive young family. Obviously the Pinkerton connection was incredibly important with family ties and origins in rural County Tyrone. The bond would have been strengthened with the improbability of any family members seeing their parents and other siblings again.

David Pinkerton was born in about 1840. He married Ann Isaac who was born in Scone at St Luke’s Church on 24 October 1861. Ann’s father Francis Isaac was Scone’s first Post Master and one of its early store keepers. David and Ann lived at ‘The Denison’ or Denison Diggings now known as Moonan Brook where all the children were born. The Denison was proclaimed a Gold Field in 1865 but David and Ann were living there when their first child was born in 1862. At first David was employed in the gold diggings but later acquired the mail contract from Scone to Moonan Brook twice weekly ‘to be conveyed on horseback’. David and his family settled on the North Coast when the children were very young. He continued with a mail run between Grafton and Glen Innes but later branched out into pubs, notably the Golden Fleece at Dalmorton. Ann became post mistress. Both David and Anne Pinkerton are buried in South Grafton cemetery

William Pinkerton arrived aboard the ship ‘Lloyds’ on 4 September 1856 and married Elizabeth Dunbar (born in Scone) in 1863 at St Luke’s. Elizabeth was the daughter of Samuel Dunbar who arrived with the Millers and his wife Elizabeth (nee Parsons) who lived at ‘Gum Flat’, Gundy. William was sponsored to Australia by William Dumaresq of St Aubins. William selected a ‘Conditional Purchase’ of 40 acres, near Gundy on 15 April 1862 and built ‘Gum Flat’, his family property. The farm was eventually resumed and ‘drowned’ when Glenbawn Dam was constructed. Like his brother David, William acquired the mail contract from Scone to Moonan Brook twice weekly between 1869 and 1875 ‘to be conveyed on horseback’ with a stop at Gundy from 1875. At this time Gundy was a thriving village with three churches, a school, Literary Institute, two general stores, post office, hotel, baker, butcher, blacksmith and wheelwright. It would have been self-sufficient. William and Ann produced at least 11 registered children and there may have been two others? Both William and Ann survived well into their 70s and are buried in the Church of England cemetery in Scone.

James Pinkerton had married Mary McCallum on 8 August 1844 at Barakell in Ireland and had a family of nine children when they arrived in Australia in the early 1860s. James’ exact arrival date is unknown but Mary and the children arrived on the ‘Fairlie’ on 29 April 1863. James had come ahead of them and they settled in the Gundy district. James built a small cottage before acquiring ‘Tanborough’ on the Hunter River east of the village of Gundy under the ‘Conditional Purchase’ system which became the family home. Like his younger siblings before him James acquired the mail contract from Scone to Moonan Brook in 1868. James was a renowned horseman and once at age 64 won a ‘race’ between Moonan Brook and Scone when he may have substituted one pie bald mount for another fresh one? Both James (84 at Gundy) and Mary (90 at Moonan Flat) lived to a great age. Both are buried in the Gundy General Cemetery. James and Mary had eleven children. The Pinkerton dynasty is an expansive one in the Upper Hunter Valley and many direct descendants still call the district home.

Mathew and Ann (nee Pinkerton) Miller’s nine children were:

  1. Matilda Miller              b. 10-3-1841, Scone         d. 5-4-1893, Ellerston
  2. Jane Miller                  b. 25-10-1842, Scone      d. 26-3-1846, Scone
  3. Mary Ann Miller          b. 6-1-1845, Scone           d. 6-5-1846, Scone
  4. Ann Jane Miller          b. 16-6-1847, Scone         d. 1924, Randwick
  5. Sarah Miller                b. 8-11-1849, Scone         d. 6-7-1937, Scone
  6. Rebecca Miller           b. 1845, Scone                 d. 14-11-1921, Gundy
  7. William James Miller  b. 1-6-1856, Scone           d. 27-6-1858, Scone
  8. Elizabeth Ann Miller   b. 2-6-1858, Scone           d. 1940, Randwick
  9. Barbara Miller             b.16-9-1860, Scone         d. 9-5-1862, Scone

Four of the children (Jane, Mary Ann, William James and Barbara) died in infancy and Sarah never married. The only male child William James (No 7) died at only 2 years of age so poignantly there are no direct Miller male line descendants. Matilda first married Walter Hayne at Scone on 13-9-1859. Walter had been born in England on 31-10-1829 and died at Gundy on 12-11-1872. Matilda then married Charles Hines (b. England 1846) at Pages River on 21-4-1881. Charles died in Maitland on 21-5-1897. Both Walter Hayne and Charles Hine were listed as farmers by occupation. Ann Jane Miller married publican John Hannabus in Scone on 18-8-1870. John was native born at Windsor NSW in 1847 and died at Randwick in 1924. In 1874 – 1879 John Hannabus was owner of the Belmore Hotel.  Rebecca Miller also married a native born in Charles James Walters who was recorded at Darlinghurst on 2-11-1856 and passed away in Gundy on 6-7-1917 where he had been a butcher. Patrick McCue was born at sea in 1842. His second marriage was to Elizabeth Ann Miller at Singleton in 1875 before Patrick pre-deceased Elizabeth at Scone on 19-5-1915. Patrick McCue operated his blacksmith’s and wheel-right business from a vacant block on one of the two Mathew Miller cottages opposite the Belmore Hotel while Joe Cumberland occupied the northern unit. Unmarried daughter Sarah was the last person to be buried in the Miller family vault at St Luke’s Church of England.

The Battle of Doughboy Hollow (Ardglen); Capture of the Jewboy Gang

The Battle of Doughboy Hollow (Ardglen); Capture of the Jewboy Gang

Featured Image: Doughboy Hollow (Ardglen) acknowledge Gregory Powell and ‘Bushranger Tracks’

See also: http://sconevetdynasty.com.au/hunter-valley-hero/

The 1936 edition of the journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society contains an interesting story concerning Captain Edward Denny Day, who was the Police Magistrate in Muswellbrook in 1837. The writer of the interesting narrative is Mr. Ben Champion, DDS, DDSc.

The following extracts of interest to Muswellbrook and Scone districts, are reprinted from Mr Champion’s story:

“Many elderly people in the Newcastle-Maitland district have very pleasant and humorous memories of Captain Edward Denny Day, who died in the year 1876 at Maitland. This popular figure in our early district life was the son of an Irish clergyman, and was born in the year 1801 in Ireland. He chose the Army as a career and in 1820 became an ensign in the 46th Regiment of Foot (the South Devonshires). With this regiment he served until appointed to a lieutenancy in the 62nd Regiment (the Wiltshires) in the year 1833.

“In October, 1837, Captain Day was appointed to Muswellbrook. In June, 1838, Governor Gipps saw fit to despatch him as officer-in-charge of a party to apprehend the murderers of at least 28 aborigines who were slain in the most callous manner on Mr. Dangar’s property at Myall Creek.

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Sconeite Snippet: Betty Shepherd

Sconeite Snippet: Betty Shepherd

Filed in Just In, Sports Featured by Elizabeth Flaherty February 13, 2016

Featured Image: Betty Shepherd leading a yearling in the Scone Sale Ring at White Park

BETTY Shepherd was the first female horse trainer in the world, but says she never encountered a glass ceiling, a few hushed tones at an Inglis sale perhaps, but nothing that held her back.

According to Betty it was a boy at the fruit and veg shop with a cute bottom that led her to a career in racing.

“I was working at the chemist across the road from the shop, where Scone Legal is now and I tied my horse up behind the shop and saw a good looking guy with a beautiful bottom,” she smiled.

“I decided I was going to marry him and I was 17 and a half when I did,” she said.

“We were married for more than 60 years,” said Betty.

“I started riding track work when I started going with Archie”, she said

“I can’t remember never riding, growing up then we always rode horses,” Betty said.

Betty was the youngest of seven children.

Her brothers and sisters were born in Scone, but the family moved to Tamworth during the depression for work and Betty was born there, before the family later moved back to Scone.

Betty and her husband Archie trained race horses together at their small stable in Phillip Street, Scone.

It was when Betty was doing track work in Tamworth in 1953 that she was told she had to be registered as a stable hand to be working at the track.

Betty quipped that she should be registered as a trainer, so she filled out the paperwork and became a trainer.

There was no fanfare, just some simple straight forward paperwork, but Betty thinks her charms may have helped.

“He fancied me a bit, I was a good sort in those days,” said Betty.

“There wasn’t that much said about it,” she said.

“After I applied for it Dawn Flett, she was from Tamworth, she did too and she got hers straight away.

“If people were saying things I didn’t know and I wasn’t listening.

“Well, we had the shop and I was training horses and preparing yearlings and things like that, I was always too busy to worry about anything else,” she said.

“I was cheeky you know, I just got on with things,” Betty Shepherd said.

Betty was never officially a jockey but she rode in barrier trials.

The photo of her riding Quick Knocks was indicative of the riding attire of the day, no skull cap and no boots.

With the gelding Trevors, Betty became the first female trainer to have a horse in the Melbourne Cup and Caulfield Cup.

He was a horse by Good Brandy and Blue Lass but was not part of the stud book.

“He wasn’t stud book and they didn’t want him, they gave him to me as a foal and I broke him in and trained him,” she said.

Trevors won three trebles in a row during 1965 and 1966.

The first was two at Rosehill and one at Canterbury; the second was two at Randwick and one at Canterbury and in the final treble in 1966 two at Randwick and one at Rosehill.

Trevors went on to run in the Caulfield Cup where he had a photo finish for third, but was pipped at the post.

He ran in the Melbourne Cup in 1966, but was not up to the distance and ran eighth.

The stables which still stand tucked away behind Phillip Street would draw a crowd when Trevors was at home.

“When we had him it was like grand central station there, at any time there would be 10 or 20 people in town down at the stables looking at the horse,” she said.

There was an American buyer interested in Trevors, but the horse died suddenly in Scone.

Betty recalls Murray Bain, a local vet and sizable man who tried to resuscitate him, but was not able.

Of all the horses she had, Trevors was her favourite.

“We were absolute mates,” she said.

“I broke him in and did everything, so he was mine from the beginning, but he was a quiet horse for anyone to handle,” said Betty.

Trevors is buried in her backyard under a big tree, along with other family pets.

Betty was also the first female to show horses at the Inglis Easter sales like her other firsts, she fell into it.

She had been working with the horses, but a man would the always walk the horses into the ring.

When a male handler did not turn up and the horse was being called to the ring she stepped up and led the horse out.

“There were a few hushed tones at first, but things carried on,” she said.

“Because I handled the horses all the time, they responded well for me in the ring,” she said.

“In those days we had to get them lunging and rearing up and things and they did it all well for me,” Betty said.

There were many things Betty learned about equine care and has made note of in a book she can not quite recall where she placed it, but it is full of equine tips accumulated over a lifetime when vets were not always available and simple remedies helped.

She has jotted down recipes for ointments, simple advice and shared her knowledge with many younger horse people over the years.

There were always a good number of young females from the industry who would visit Betty to learn from her.

“Girls have a different way with horses, they are more maternal with them, they love their horses, men are more aggressive with them,” she said.

Her advice to young people in the industry working with horses is simple “be kind, it makes a horse quieter,” she said.

Betty doesn’t believe stallions are as good for racing.

“They are more aggressive, they hurt themselves more easily in their nether regions and are difficult when there is a mare in season,” she said.

Betty muses that maybe there was no problem in her notable firsts as a female in the racing industry because she was always her own boss.

She worked with her husband Archie as a team on the track and in the shop.

Hot Piper, one of the last horses she trained, was a Whisky Road horse and is now living out his days with a friend in the Barrington.

The last thoroughbred at their stables died a few months ago and now the paddock is home to a naughty Shetland and a friends pony.

Wallabadah Races

Wallabadah Races

Featured Image: Wallabadah Races New Year’s Day circa 1925

The Wallabadah region was originally known as “Thalababuri” by the Kamilaroi Aboriginal people. Wallabadah’s name was derived from an aboriginal word meaning “stone”.

The first European squatters arrived in the region in about 1830 and Wallabadah Station was established in 1835 on 44,000 acres (180 km2) of land. During the 1850s the settlement began to develop at the intersection of two mail coach runs which came from the north and northwest, and Wallabadah Post Office opened on 1 October 1856.

In August 1866 Captain Thunderbolt’s third daughter, Mary Ann was born at Wallabadah. On 30 May 1867 he robbed the northern mail coach at Wallabadah. Thunderbolt also worked on a property west of Wallabadah during that period.

 Australia’s first country racing club was established at Wallabadah in 1852 and the Wallabadah Cup is still held on New Year’s Day (the current racecourse was built in 1898).

The Marshall MacMahon Hotel was constructed circa 1867 and a part of it is still in use. In 1877 Wallabadah was larger than Quirindi, 15 kilometres away, but a rail connection to Quirindi reduced Wallabadah’s expansion. A public school was opened in 1867 with the residence dating from 1898. In 1896 the Anglican Church of the Ascension (with 1912 additions) was established while the Catholic Church was constructed in 1910 on the New England Highway.

Agriculture is the dominant industry in the area with livestock, especially beef cattle and some sheep being reared there. Wallabadah now has a primary school, a pub and one shop.

Why Wallabadah?

Why Wallabadah?

Featured Image: First Fleet Memorial Gardens

See: http://www.aussietowns.com.au/town/wallabadah-nsw

It is the most common question visitors to the gardens ask. – Why is the First Fleet Memorial Gardens four hundred kilometres north west of the original site of the First Fleet landing at Port Jackson in Sydney?

The answer is simple.

The Liverpool Plains Shire Council supported the vision of Ray Collins OAM to build a Memorial as a tribute to Australia’s first white settlers. There is no other Memorial in Australia that lists the names of the people who sailed on the First Fleet. The rejection of this vision by other locales within NSW is why it proudly stands in this quiet little country town of Wallabadah.

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Hoof Prints

Hoof Prints

Featured Image: Horse Hoof Prints in the sand; acknowledgment ‘depositphotos’

The image is a very poignant because it’s both momentarily transitory; and intangible. The next high tide will eliminate it/them forever leaving a blank canvas. In the infinity of time how ‘permanent’ are any of our imprints? In this context read as follows.

“Give an account of your stewardship”

The subtitle above in bold italics was the subject of a sermon by young curate at Hepple Church of England one Sunday evensong in about 1956? The congregation numbered in single figures. My sister Diana brought her ‘posh’ friend from Ackworth School Mary Shrouder home for the holidays. You have to fill in the time somehow. Church filled a time-gap if nothing else? My mother was the organist. I cannot recall the curate’s name but I can still hear him pronouncing the title; which I really didn’t understand? I remember little else except that Mary challenged him on a few of his ‘assumed’ premises. I retain mostly maudlin memories, sometimes resentfully morose, of compulsory attendance in a deathly cold church knave with no provision for heating in pre-electricity days. Even Coquet Valley matriarch Lady Rachel Riddell wore all her heavy black cloaks and furs. We didn’t have any!

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“The Stud Groom” Cedric Emanuel, OAM 1906 – 1995

“The Stud Groom” Cedric Emanuel, OAM 1906 – 1995

Featured Image: “The Stud Groom” by Cedric Emanuel OAM (The original is retained by the author). This was almost certainly drawn by Cedric Emmanuel on one of his many visits to ‘Segenhoe Stud’; then owned by his great friend Lionel Israel. The identity of the ‘model’ is unknown.


Cedric Raymond Emanuel was born on the first of July 1906 in Gisborne, New Zealand. At the age of four he moved to Sydney, New South Wales with his parents. He attended Abbotsholme Primary School in Killara and later Bondi Public School. While still at school he started studying art at the Royal Art Society under Dattilo Rubbo.

In 1920 he spent time in the “militia”. Whilst a youth he became very proficient at drawing objects at short notice. In 1925 he commenced working as a commercial artist at the State Studios and in his spare time continued sketching, painting and etching. His first exhibition held in 1938 was very successful. In the same year he won the prize for etching in the NSW Sesquicentenary Art Competition.

Throughout most of his life he was a regular swimmer and surfer. He was a member of the Bondi Surf Life Saving Club. He also boxed, wrestled and played football. He won the 1929 NSW State Amateur Middleweight Wrestling Championship, beating Jack Murray. Jack Murray was later to become famous as ‘Gelignite Jack’ from his antics in the Redex Around Australia motor trials. Cedric Emanuel retired early from serious competitive sport out of concern for his hands.

During the Second World War he served as an officer with the RAAF. A part of his service was in New Guinea where he was an unofficial war artist. His Wing Commander noted that “This officer has given splendid service and is fully capable.”

He spent most of his life working as a freelance artist. His main focus was sketches in watercolour or ink depicting various aspects of Australia. Apart from private collectors, the National Gallery of Australia, the National Library of Australia, the Art Gallery of New South Wales and the National Gallery of Victoria have acquired his works. In the 1970s he visited the UK and Europe. On Australia Day 1981 he was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia for his services to art.

Cedric Emanuel was described as a man of energy. He had many friends in the Upper Hunter and was a frequent visitor to friend Lionel Israel’s SEGENHOE STUD. Many of his famous horse sketches were drawn during this period. Cedric Emanuel died aged 88 in Sydney on the 28th February 1995. The day before a major collection of his works, Retrospectives, went on display at the Jewish Museum in Darlinghurst.

“No artist throughout Australia’s history could have drawn and painted as many scenes of yesteryear, and of buildings and locations that are national heritage icons, than Cedric.” said the then Governor of NSW, Rear Admiral Peter Sinclair at the opening.

The original Cedric Emanuel sketch has been retained by Bill & Sarah Howey

Cobcroft Estate Secured

Million-dollar legal campaign to keep legendary property intact

This is a tribute to some of the most remarkable and distinguished characters to ever grace the social and sporting domains in rural NSW

Featured Image: Denise and John Cobcroft at a Sydney ball in 1974. Picture: Rick Stevens

Caroline Overington       The Australian   12:00AM November 1, 2017        Sydney

They were two of the tallest, most accomplished and agreeable Australian bushmen ever to come striding off the land, and a family dispute about the tens of millions of dollars in assets, including prize-winning cattle and first-class racehorses they left behind has taken almost a decade to resolve, but now it’s done.

Two properties owned by the famed Cobcroft horse-breeding family will stay in the hands of two Cobcroft sons, securing the dynasty’s future. The family, whose roots go back to colonial days, has been responsible for breeding a stable of first-class racehorses, among them the AJC Derby winner Caranna in 1955. More than 60 years on, horses descended from that stallion and his daughter Vista Anna, raised on the family’s legendary Parraweena property at Willow Tree, near Tamworth in northeast NSW, wear the family’s yellow and white silks.

But the future of their property was thrown into doubt by the deaths of two brothers, John and Brien Cobcroft, in 2005 and 2010.

Brien, born in 1934, and John, born 1938, were raised at Parraweena, which has been in the Cobcroft family since 1932. Both could ride before they could walk, and despite being well over 2m tall, both became skilled horsemen.

Brien, who like his brother boarded at the exclusive Sydney boys school Shore before spending time as a jackaroo, took up campdrafting — a kind of cattle herding on horseback — as a youngster, winning the event at the Quirindi Show for 11 straight years. As an adult, he took up three-day eventing, winning a bronze medal at the Mexico Olympics in 1968 on a six-year-old gelding, Depeche, that he spotted at Wyong racecourse (where it ran second-last) and bought for £600.

“Cobby’’ was also a bush poet and a founding member of the Banjo club, the group of racing figures who gather regularly to honour the works of Paterson. His brother John was more an elegant polo player, and it was while so dressed that he met his wife and soulmate, Denise McLaglen, at the 1966 Singleton horse show.

Denise, described by friends as a “warm-hearted, titian-haired beauty with dancer’s legs” was the daughter of Hollywood actor Arthur McLaglen, who had a role in the 1927 Australian film For The Term of His Natural Life. She danced in London, and worked in film in Paris and New York before moving to Melbourne, where she appeared on The Don Lane Show.

John and Denise married in the 1960s and had no children, devoting themselves to country life at Parraweena. Denise in particular loved dogs, mares, and poultry, awarding ribbons to hens all over the country. They were considered a “striking couple”; she was beautiful, he had the longest-legged moleskins anyone had ever seen.

Brien was twice married, first to Gillian — with whom he had two sons, Peter and Niklaus, who each had three children — and then to Jennifer.

All agreed preserving the property into the next generation was a family goal, but problems arose when John Cobcroft died in September 2005, leaving a will giving his brother the right to manage the family properties until the death of “my wife Denise, my brother Brien and his wife”, after which Brien’s sons should get 50 per cent of his assets, while their children — Daisy, Jasper, Hermione, Benjamin, Amanda and Teya — should share the remaining half provided they never took illicit drugs. In this way, the Cobcrofts hoped to keep the property intact for at least one more generation.

Denise Cobcroft lived on at Parraweena for five years until her death in May 2010. This was followed by Brien’s death in July 2010, leaving only Brien’s second wife, Jennifer, and his children and grandchildren still alive.

Among other things, Jennifer was bequeathed by her husband a terrace house in Sydney’s inner-city Paddington and an income of $1000 a week. She launched court proceedings for greater provision in 2015, and by the time of the most recent hearing, NSW Supreme Court judge Julie Ward was able to say “there have already been a number of court proceedings in relation to the brothers’ wills”.

There was much at stake: in May, valuer Christopher Meares put Parraweena at $32.589 million and an associated property, Parraweena Highlands, at $14.647m — more than $47m together. Key to the family’s thinking was whether they could provide for Jennifer, who was willing to give up her rights to the property, while also raising sufficient funds to provide for Brien’s six grandchildren, four of whom are still minors, without selling the land.

The family took part in Family Court mediation in 2014 and February this year, before agreeing to terms in June, leaving the Supreme Court to approve a “family deed” on October 27. According to court documents, the deed “has the effect of resolving all issues” related to Jennifer Cobcroft, and is aimed at the “family’s desire to keep certain property within the family and also seek to avoid reducing its value by selling it off in parts”. Jennifer Cobcroft has “relinquished her entitlements and has raised no objection to the proposed distribution”, effectively bringing ligation to an end.

Legal costs were estimated at $1 million. The family did not respond to a request for comment.