Sir Samuel Hordern

Sir Samuel Hordern

Featured Image: Sir Samuel Hordern judging cattle at the Royal Easter Show

The Hordern family name in Australia is justifiably famous. There has been a long association with the Upper Hunter commencing with Sir Samuel’s acquisition of the Petwyn Vale Stud at Wingen near Scone in the early 1900s. This was a time when Sir Samuel was greatly enthused with thoroughbred racing and breeding. He became chairman of the Australian Jockey Club as well as President of the RAS of NSW. His grandson Sam (Junior) later established his Quarter Horse Stud at nearby Dry Creek Parkville and also ‘Halloween’ at Thompson’s Creek, Dartbrook.

It was of great interest to me that in the late 1800s and early 1900s Sir Samuel Hordern developed a very close association with the Day family of Newmarket, Suffolk, England. This was the family which produced outstanding trainers. Family member Fred Day was one of the most eminent equine veterinarians to ever practice at the headquarters of English training and racing. Since the mid-1960s my original practice at Scone, now Scone Equine Group, introduced and maintained an exchange ‘shuttle’ service of equine veterinarians and veterinary nurses between the two practices.

As usual Ian Ibbett has captured the whole story in his inimitable treatises as herewith:

See also: https://kingsoftheturf.com/1901-samuel-hordern-the-wilton-park-stud/

See also: https://kingsoftheturf.com/1919-sam-hordern-and-artilleryman/

See also: http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/hordern-sir-samuel-506

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The Blood of Sappho

The Blood of Sappho

Featured Image: George Lee (1834-1912) Breeder of Nellie

See also: https://kingsoftheturf.com/1879-the-blood-of-sappho/

See also: http://sconevetdynasty.com.au/colonial-foundation-mares/

See also: http://www.tbheritage.com/HistoricDams/ColonMares/C1.html

Douglas M Barrie, The Australian Bloodhorse (Angus and Robertson, Sydney: 1956)

My late ultra-conservative father-in-law Bob Mackay waxed lyrical and passionately about the tap root brood mare Sappho. This was unusual for him. However he was immensely proud that his great Polo Sire ‘Panzer’ traced back to her on the distaff side. He also praised in passing ‘Etra Weenie’ and ‘Diffidence’; her descendent daughters. He was right. This is the story of ‘Sappho’ who has a close connection to the Hunter valley through the Scott Brothers of ‘Glendon’ Singleton and also George and William Lee of Bathurst/Bylong.

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The Poseidon Adventure & Sir Hugh Denison

The Poseidon Adventure & Sir Hugh Denison

See: https://kingsoftheturf.com/1906-the-poseidon-adventure/

Featured Image: Hugh Dixson (Later Sir Hugh Denison)

Ian Ibbett does it best! I’m merely the conduit to the original source. The story of Hugh Dixson, ‘Mr U R Robertson’ and Hugh Denison (later Sir Hugh Denison) and ‘Poseidon’ is a fascinating one. It brings together so many elements of early thoroughbred racing and breeding in the Hunter Valley including the Dangar family of ‘Neotsfield’, Singleton. The ‘Poseidon’ adventure is a tangled web of speculative intrigue to say the least!

Sir Hugh Denison later owned the Sledmere Stud at Scone in partnership with Mr H G Raymond before the latter relocated to St Albans, Geelong. However I’m ‘jumping the gun’; and not for the first time! Ian Ibbett relates the exquisite detail in his inimitable prose.

See: https://kingsoftheturf.com/1906-the-poseidon-adventure/

Scone wins 2019 Cartier Queen’s Cup

Scone wins 2019 Cartier Queen’s Cup

Featured Image: Scone No 1 and captain David Paradice accepts the Cartier Queen’s Cup from HM Queen Elizabeth II; photo courtesy of Dr Wej Paradice

https://www.sconeadvocate.com.au/story/6220777/scone-polo-wins-coveted-queens-cup-on-debut/?cs=1659&fbclid=IwAR0Km8QOY1_ugmApU513dPV9M3E0jeMlIhC3u_FvqtTyIVeS5PxvuMPRQwM#slide=1

Scone born-and-bred David Paradice richly deserves this trophy. He has invested significantly in the area and has also been a munificent public benefactor. His win has given enormous pleasure and satisfaction to parents Dr John and Mrs Bobbie Paradice plus all siblings and their partners. It is significant that David is sporting the No 1 Polo Jumper which is actually a position on the team. David might claim it has other resonance?

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Scone Grammar School c. 1892

Featured Image ‘Pupils at Scone Grammar School c 1892’; Courtesy of:

‘The Inn, The Dentists and The School’ (Federation Publication No. 2; Published by Scone and Upper Hunter Historical Society 1998) by Mace Bain, Roger Humphreys BDS and Gillian Blandford Hayes

I have mentioned many times the vitally important contribution made by professionally trained protagonists who bring their erudition and ‘worldliness’ to emerging colonial communities. Teachers were among the most important early cadres.

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History of the Australian Stud Book: Parts I and II

History of the Australian Stud Book: Parts I and II 

By Michael Ford, Keeper of the Australian Stud Book June 2006 ©Australian Stud Book, 2006

http://www.tbheritage.com/Breeders/AUS/ASB.html

Featured Image: Keepers of the Australian Stud Book (The Australian Bloodhorse; Douglas M Barrie)

Acknowledgment: I gratefully acknowledge the superb summary produced by Michael Ford as contained in the website above. I have taken the liberty of reproducing much of this here purely for easier reading by those who may be compromised?

This information remains the property of the Joint Proprietors of the Australian Stud Book, being the Australian Jockey Club and the Victoria Racing Club. It must not be used for any purpose without their written permission. (Racing NSW/Australia has now taken over ownership).

The Australian Stud Book has a pedigree as long as some of the horses contained in it. For the first seventy years it was mostly ‘kept’ by one family and over the last fifty five years it has only had four ‘keepers’. It ranks second to the American Stud Book with its 30,000 broodmares, 18,000 foals and nearly 20,000 breeders but could rank first for services to breeders. The early history of the Australian Stud Book is the history of the men who established and nurtured it, and they lived interesting lives. From the early principle of “express purpose of preserving an official record of the breeding industry in Australia and of assisting to improve the standard of the blood horse in the country” to “ensuring the integrity of thoroughbred breeding in Australia,” there has been much change to the way the Australian Stud Book operates.
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Leading Sires of Australia

Leading Sires of Australia

1883 – Present

Compiled by Anne Peters; Updated by Hilda Marshall, Patricia Erigero

See: http://www.tbheritage.com/HistoricSires/LeadingSires/AustLeadSires.html

See also: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leading_sire_in_Australia

Featured Image: ‘Chester’; Champion Sire 4 times: 1887/1888; 1889/1890; 1891/1892 and 1892/1893

Influence of the Hunter Valley

It can be seen from the championship ‘league tables’ from 1883/84 to the present day 2018/19* that the leading sire has been based on 76 occasions (out of a total 136*) on studs located in the Upper Hunter Valley. This is a remarkable period of ‘dominance’ which has been consolidated even further in more recent times (20 out of 20 since 1999/2001)..

 

 

The Application of mtDNA Research in Horses

The Application of mtDNA Research in Horses

By Michael Bowling. ©Michael Bowling, 2002. All Rights Reserved.

http://www.tbheritage.com/GeneticMarkers/mtdnaintbBowling.html

Featured Image: Basic diagram of a mitochindrion

This simplified guide to the language of genetics was prepared for Thoroughbred Heritage by geneticist Michael Bowling. Mr. Bowling and his wife, Dr. Ann Bowling, co-authored the first studies of the practical application of mtDNA analysis to horses, specifically Arabians.

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) codes for some of the proteins of the mitochondria, the “energy furnaces” essential for cellular respiration and thus for multicelluar life. Mitochondria reside in the cell’s cytoplasm, not in its nucleus, which means mtDNA is transmitted independent of the nuclear chromosomes. Specific molecular mechanisms exist to exclude the sperm’s mitochondria from contributing to the developing embryo, so sequencing mtDNA makes possible the reconstruction of dam line relationships, without influence from the sires used over the generations.

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Colonial Foundation Mares

Colonial Foundation Mares

http://www.tbheritage.com/HistoricDams/ColonFoundMares.html

Featured Image: ‘Skeletine’; a colonial-bred daughter of ‘Skeleton’

New Research Affects Traditional Organization of Female Lines

In the August 2002 edition of the journal Animal Genetics, Dr Emmeline Hill and her colleagues at the Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, published “History and Integrity of Thoroughbred Dam Lines Revealed in Equine mtDNA Variation,” a ground-breaking study that changes much of what we thought we knew about the early history of the thoroughbred, and that affects the pedigrees virtually every thoroughbred now living. The study examined pedigrees of horses associated with the English Foundation Mares, and does not address the other families, but it is highly likely further genetic research will have an impact on these families as well.

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